Curitiba’s “Eye”

November 15, 2016

We had a busy day today.  Eliane was determined to do as much as possible in the morning because it wasn’t supposed to rain until afternoon.

We got a later start than she would have liked but finally were on our way to the Olho (Eye), the nickname for the Oscar Niemeyer Museum (MON). The structure of this museum is very interesting, with many of the exhibits actually partially underground.

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The Oscar Niemeyer Museum is shaped like an eye.
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This model of Oscar Niemeyer’s design for the museum shows the entire campus. Most of the exhibits are in the low rectangular building behind the “Eye”.

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Purple cow:
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Modern furniture exhibit:

The most interesting exhibits that we saw were:

The paintings that the politicians involved in the Lava-jato scandal bought, including a Miró, to “hide” the money they were embezzling in works of art which they planned to sell for even higher prices. These works were confiscated and housed in Curitiba, where more corrupt politicians have been arrested than any other city.  Most of the works are by Brazilian artists.

Joan Miro
Painting by Spanish artist Joan Miro

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Works by Laercio Redondo, L to R: Untitled, 2010, mixed on paper; Untitled 2010 mixed on paper; Noite (Night), 2009, mixed on paper
Rio de Janeiro, collage using postcards, stamps, etc.
Rio de Janeiro, collage made of postcards, stamps, seals, envelopes, and other paper
Cicero Dias, Mocas na janela (Girls at the window), Dec. 1930; oil on canvas
Cicero Dias, Mocas na janela (Girls at the window), Dec. 1930; oil on canvas
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Antonio Bandera, “Abstracao” (Abstraction), 1965, China ink and tempera on canvas
Bruno Giorgi, Flautista (Flutist); Dec. 1940, bronze
Bruno Giorgi, Flautista (Flutist); Dec. 1940, bronze

Oscar Niemeyer exhibit – to get there you can take the elevator or climb several flights of stairs, which is what we did. There was a film about Niemeyer, his creations and influences, then a gallery of interactive exhibits.  There were also miniatures of many of his architectural masterpieces, each explained on a wall surrounding the cases with the miniatures.

Jefferson César – a small gallery with works by this artist, which were beautiful and diverse. On the wall outside the gallery was a large white board panel where visitors are invited to add their own art.  I drew two Paraná pine trees and called it “Bosque” and Eliane drew a quick face.  I didn’t know she liked to draw, nor did she know that about me!

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The name of the exhibit was “Jefferson Cesar, a Don Quixote in the art of Paraná.”
The museum will be displaying this exhibit for an extended period.

Painter and sculptor Jefferson Cesar was born in Siqueira Campos, Paraná and moved to Curitiba when he was 15. After he studied painting, in the 1960s, he discovered the possibilities for collages and assemblages derived from the aesthetic principles of Dada and Surrealism, but influenced by pop art. The result was a unique style. Jefferson Cesar died in 1981.

Jefferson Cesar considered Dona Quixote one of his heroes. “We need more Don Quixotes,” he said in 1976.

We wandered out into an enclosed courtyard with modern sculptures, which we had seen from above but wanted a closer look.

Egyptian statues - Oscar Niemeyer Museum courtyard

At the top of the “eye” it is very dark but there are exhibits there too.

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We left the museum on the second level down from the top, via a curved ramp that took us all the way down to the ground outside.

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