Tops of Egyptian Columns

The tops of columns, called capitals, in ancient Egypt are spectacular in their variety and beauty. Sometimes, a column top could have the head of a god/goddess, such as this column depicting Hathor, at Hatshepsut’s palace, which contained a temple dedicated to this goddess. She was an important goddess, especially for women, being the goddess of fertility and motherhood. Note that her ears are shaped like a cow’s. Hathor was often depicted as a cow.
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Most columns were lavishly carved and the capitals are of a few different types:

lotus bud (at Karnak, near Luxor)
20181226_152153 lotus bud
This capital is one example of a bell shape, depicting palms or possibly open lotus flowers. (Temple of Khnum, Edfu) Notice that the colors it was originally painted are still visible.
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Many of the bell shapes were elaborately decorated.


The next two photos are of the open palm type, both at Temple of Khnum.
DSC_0231 palm
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The Temple of Khnum, where I took most of these photos, have a beautiful variety of capital types.
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Posted for Becky’s April Squares with the topic of tops.

 

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